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It was later divided into three districts, Calamianes, Paragua and Balabac, with Principe Alfonso town as its capital.
and During the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, Cuyo became the second capital of Palawan from 1873 to 1903.
After Ferdinand Magellan's death, remnants of his fleet landed in Palawan where the bounty of the land saved them from starvation.
Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan's chronicler named the place "Land of Promise." The northern Calamianes Islands were the first to come under Spanish authority, and were later declared a province separate from the Palawan mainland.
Only 11 men escaped the slaughter and between 133 and 141 were killed.
The massacre is the basis for the recently published book Last Man Out: Glenn Mc Dole, USMC, Survivor of the Palawan Massacre in World War II by Bob Wilbanks, and the opening scenes of the 2005 Miramax film, The Great Raid.
Many reforms and projects were later introduced in the province.Approximately 5,000 years ago, a culturally distinct period characterised by jar burials is evident. Over 1500 jars and a mural depicting a burial procession were found.A more recent wave of migrants arrived between AD 220 and 263.In the early 17th century, Spanish friars sent out missions in Cuyo, Agutaya, Taytay and Cagayancillo but they met resistance from Moro communities.Before the 18th century, Spain began to build churches enclosed by garrisons for protection against Moro raids in the town of Cuyo, Taytay, Linapacan and Balabac.Although the origin of the cave dwellers is not yet established, anthropologists believe they came from Borneo.The Tabon Caves are now known as the Cradle of Philippine Civilization The Palawano and Tagbanwa, are believed to be direct descendants of Palawan's earliest settlers.A Chinese author referred to these islands as Kla-ma-yan (Calamian), Palau-ye (Palawan), and Paki-nung (Busuanga).Pottery, china and other artifacts recovered from caves and waters of Palawan attest to trade relations that existed between Chinese and Malay merchants. Most of their settlements were ruled by Malay chieftains.These people grew rice, ginger, coconuts, sweet potatoes, sugarcane and bananas. Most of their economic activities were fishing, farming, and hunting by the use of bamboo traps and blowguns.The local people had a dialect consisting of 18 syllables.